Genocide of Herero and Nama: Agreement between Germany and Namibia

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A commentary by our Author Uatjiri Mbaisa

Namibia: The Namibian government has without a doubt demonstrated that they have the audacity to shamelessly lead the ‘reparation discussions’, without duly consulting the affected communities or including them into the deal or packaging their concerns as part of the negotiations prior to signing/agreeing to the document Germany sent through as the mock ‘reparation acknowledgement’, which, if we have to be honest, is a mockery and a slap in the face of the affected communities.  It also reinforces the narrative that they do not matter in a discussion that affects them.

I say this as loudly as it can be said, the Namibian government has no right discussing the genocide deal on behalf of the affected communities without including the affected communities at every stage of the discussions. As was the case with the Jewish Holocaust discussions, it should be the Ovaherero and Nama communities who should occupy the victim’s seats at the negotiating table with the government as a mere overseer and in a supporting role as an ally to the affected communities. 

It would only be fair and prudent for representatives of the affected communities to be included in the discussions because they know what sits best as an apology for the genocide that obliterated entire communities and robbed them of their land and other possessions. No amount of money will come close to the losses incurred by my people but there is one that will feel close to home. The reparations deal should be a united and assertive fight, with intensity and a sense of urgency. The Namibian government is only in it for the benefit they wish to get; money. Greedy as always! To the affected communities it is not merely about the money but the impact and significance of our history, and what an apology means to the Ovaherero and Nama people.

“The current government wants money to make up for the 31 years of mismanagement and stealing. The Ovaherero and Nama communities are left out and afflicted, this time by both the German and Namibian politicians in power” -Prof Joseph Diescho

I am a young woman, a descendant of the Ovaherero community and I feel betrayed by the Namibian government to the core. The betrayal I feel stems from the lack of attention, and ‘no value placed’ on the Ovaherero and Nama genocide, not only on reparation discussions but the genocide as a whole. Below I will be discussing the issues that are tolerated, but shouldn’t be:

In the then Kaiserstrasse (now renamed to Independence Avenue/the intersection of Independence avenue and Sam Nujoma drive) which is inherently the center of Windhoek, the statue of Curt von François proudly stands. A statue that celebrates Germany’s colonial hero, a man that was a Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, in German South West Africa (today’s Namibia). Curt von François’s statue means we as a whole are in acceptance of the portrayal of colonial subjugation; ratification of the ruthless bloodbath at Hornkranz in 1893 that Curt von François was responsible for. 

On the night of the 12th April 1893 von François informed his men “the object of this mission is to destroy the tribe of the Witbooi.” They slaughtered 8 elderly men, 2 young boys and 78 women and children. Even after the utter defeat, his men captured 80 women to enslave and rape as part of the punishment.

 “Any further resistance on the part of the Witbooi is out of the question” –Curt von François 

It is insensitive to the descendants, having to watch the man who called the Hornkranz massacre as a success being celebrated. The Windhoek City Councils and the Namibian government need to remove the statue! When precisely are Namibian spaces going to be decolonized?         

There is no day to commemorate the 1904-1908 genocide in respect of the Ovaherero and Nama ancestors. A day to be mindful of the loss, and objurgate the vileness of colonialism, and slavery of the Ovaherero and Nama people. Why is it so hard to get a day to honor my people, my ancestors in my free and independent motherland? Why should it be contemplated upon? Are those in power so oblivious about the relevance of it all? Is it deliberately done because those in power deems it so? I can’t seem assimilate it all. And yet, these are the same people that are on the front sit of signing the ‘deal’ from the German government. How the Namibian government expects the German government to apologize for the atrocities done to my people, when they themselves have failed to recognize it is downright hypocritical.

My ancestors were intensely exploited; starved, forced on cheap labor, raped and forcefully sterilized, they were part of Germany’s deliberate mass murder policy. Children where forced to watch their mothers, fathers, brothers and sisters raped by German soldiers. They where overworked, maltreated on every account, and chased like animals into the Kalahari Desert where the remaining people died of starvation and dehydration, held in concentration camps, they were mentally traumatized (cleaning the flesh of their family skulls that Germans were carrying out in Germany as a racial experiment) and treated like museum pieces to be paraded about. An estimate of 40 000-70 000 Ovaherero (80%) people and 6000-7000(over 40%) Nama people were brutally slaughtered by Germans. The events are despicable and shows utter brutality of the Germans. For their own possessions, the Ovaherero and Nama people were fully stripped off everything they knew, and suffered at the hands of German colonialism. Yet, there is no day on the Namibian calendar to commemorate them to date. 

That full-on history about Ovaherero and Nama genocide is a footnote in history text books, which means it is not in the Namibian school syllabus. The history that is published is not outlined honestly, there is barely truth in the writings and a lot of important information is omitted. The shocking thing that had me ‘jaw dropped’ this week was finding out as I was helping my little brother with his ‘social studies’ homework, there was a question posted “Name the benefits and disadvantages of European groups that arrived in early Namibia?”  and they needed to outline the cons and pros of “missionaries, traders and explorers.” I am sorry but why in the world is that in there and outlined as such? The Namibian government and Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture needs to do better.

I am upset and I will forever be disappointed in the Namibian government on this particular issue.

Written by Uatjiri Mbaisa



Twitter: @OUatjiriUtaara

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This Post Has 11 Comments

  1. Kamujaa Ngairorue

    She’s a voice for the voiceless!!!! ❤️❤️❤️❤️ Emancipation is all we pursue !!! My people have suffered long enough!!!!

  2. Tjivekuru

    I am behind you

  3. Jaherenga Kamundu

    Well said Uatjiri… seems like you left no stone unturned. And before we blame the Government at large can we blame our leaders (From Herero tribe) first? Herero people dont work together and the 26th of August isn’t serving its purpose as people regrouped themselves into mini tribalism (Ongeyama Ohorongo) pure nonsense.
    For the Nama people; I dont know in which corner of the county are they hiding.
    Those two tribes need to come together and work on this matter that is affecting the masses of the Nama-Herero tribe.

  4. Mukwe kwe

    Yes leader!!

  5. Srečko Čebron

    If the Namibian gov.t has been negotiating without the active involvement of the Ovaherero and Nama communities, she is right in critizising them. They have an own agenda, which they will not want to disclose…

    As to the monuments to von François and similar oppressors, you Herero people should act not speak and write only.
    In Germany today you don’t find a single monument (if not in some private cellars) to Hitler and his supporters. To have a monument to von F. in Windhoek is as if Himmler had one in Berlin. The Ovaherero and Nama communities should appeal to the German embassy to be the promotor of the monument removal. If they refuse or do not pay any attention to you, you take the action in your hands. When you commemorate the genocide, do it in Windhoek around tbe monument and demolish it with picks and hammers. Who shall dare to say anything against that?

  6. Dr. rer. nat. Thomas Isenburg

    Dear Sreckon, thank you four interesting view. I’m german and I’m learning this part of history know. We should see it with an African and European view. This was realy terrible. But the white man is not always guilty. During the last 70 years Germany did mostly a great job in the international community. We learned our lession…

    1. Uatjiri

      This reads you are for what Germany did and we shouldn’t call them out because the past 70 years Germany has done well in “international community.” Done well to who? Has Germany done good to the Ovaherero and Nama people during those 70 years you so speak of? If Germany had done good, I wouldn’t be writing this article !!! Germany is guilty, and it should do right where reparations are concerned. The moment anyone uses “but” everything they have said before that amounts to null. This is not something that my people have to run on “It was our ancestors and we are not guilty now,” yes, you are not your ancestors but unfortunately you are the descendants, and acknowledgement of the wrong doing of your ancestors is so needed and thread accordingly to. I refuse to see Germany as innocent when they taken and done everything in their power to insult my ancestors blood with either a low blow deal with indirect insult to the descendants or a mock of our intelligence by using languages in the agreement that mocks the bloodshed.

      1. Ellis Tjiueza

        A Factually written, well done. I am disappointed that the issue is not being dealt with the sensitivity it deserves. I believe and under the impression that this issue could devide us badly, as a descendant of the affected communities, its not too late, let’s bring all parties to the table and iron out all the concerns.

    2. Srečko Čebron

      Dear Thomas,
      I quite agree that white people are not all bad. In every group and situation we can find good and bad. I am white too.
      Germany, as you say, has learned from history and now has, at least in the institutions, zero tollerance for nazi and racist policies, which is not always true for other European countries. That is why am I advising the Hereros to appeal to the German gov.t representatives: they have no inclination to tollerate racism and will most certenly approve the move to take away the monument to von François.

  7. Dr. rer. nat. Thomas Isenburg

    Excause: I have written: This was realy terrible!
    Our government paid your government and there is
    a contract. The german society is a democratic soziety
    after world war two. I don’t take the role of this Germany
    130 years ago. We learned our lesson and I share if I can!

    1. Uatjiri

      The Namibian government isn’t the affected communities Thomas.

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